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最后登录:2008-09-04

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棒球术语--中英对照

2008-06-24 12:48

防守:


 


A - Assists - 助杀
CS - Caught Stealing - 盜垒失败
DER - Defensive Efficiency Rating
DP - Double Plays - 双杀
E - Errors - 失误
FPCT - Fielding Percentage - 守备率
G - Games Played - 出赛数
INN - Innings Played - 防守局数
OFA - Outfield Assists
PB - Passed Balls - 捕逸
PO - Putouts - 刺杀
RF - Range Factor - 每九局守备数 = (刺杀 + 助杀) * 9 / 防守局数INN
SB - Stolen Bases (allowed) - 被盜垒
TC - Total Chances - 守备机会
TP - Triple Plays - 三杀
 
 


投手


AO - Fly Outs - 高飞接杀
APP - Appearances -
AVG - Opponents Batting Average
BB - Bases on Balls (Walks) - 保送
BB/9 - Walks per Nine Innings - 保送率 = 四死球 × 9 ÷ 投球局数
BF - Batters Faced
BK - Balks - 投手犯规
CG - Complete Games - 完投场次
CGL - Complete Game Losses
CS - Caught Stealing - 盜垒刺
ER - Earned Runs - 自責分
ERA - Earned Run Average - 防御率
G - Games Played - 出场次数
GF - Games Finished - 完成比赛之次数
GIDP - Grounded Into Double Plays - 双杀次数
GO - Ground Outs - 滾地刺杀
GO/AO - Ground Outs/ Fly Outs Ratio - 滾地/高飞刺杀比
GS - Games Started - 先發场次
GSH - Grand Slams - 被满贯全垒打
H - Hits - 被安打
H/9 - Hits per Nine Innings 被安打率
HB - Hit Batsmen - 触身球
HLD - Hold
HR - Home Runs - 全垒打
I/GS - Innings Per Games Started
IBB - Intentional Walks - 遠敬
IP - Innings Pitched - 投球局数
IRA - Inherited Runs Allowed - 後援投手登场時已經上垒之跑垒員
K/9 - Strikeouts per Nine Innings - 每九局3振率
K/BB - Strikeout/Walk Ratio - 三振/保送率
L - Losses - 败投
LIPS - Late Inning Pressure Situations
LOB - Left on Base - 殘垒
MB/9 - Baserunners per 9 Innings
NP - Number of Pitches Thrown - 投球局数
OBA - On-base Against - 被上垒率
PA - Plate Appearances - 投席
P/GS - Pitches per Start
P/IP - Pitches per Innings Pitched
PK - Pick-offs
R - Runs - 失分
RW - Relief Wins
SB - Stolen Bases - 被盜垒
SHO - Shutouts - 完投
SLG - Slugging Percentage Allowed - 被長打率
SO - Strikeouts - 三振
SV - Saves - 救援成功
SVO - Save Opportunities - 救援机会
TP - Triple Plays - 三杀
UR - Unearned Runs
W - Wins - 勝投
WHIP - 被上垒率 = (安打 + 四死)÷ 投球局数
WP - Wild Pitches - 暴投
WPCT - Winning Percentage - 胜率
XBA - Extra Base Hits Allowed
 


进攻


2B - Doubles - 二垒安打
3B - Triples - 三垒安打
AB - At Bats - 打数
AB/GIDP - At-Bats per Grounded Into Double Play - 被双杀率
AB/HR - At-Bats per Home Run - 全垒打率
AB/RBI - At-Bats per Runs Batted In - 打点率
AO - Fly Outs - 高飞出局
AVG - Batting Average - 打击率
BB - Bases on Balls (Walks) - 四坏保送
CS - Caught Stealing - 盜垒刺
G - Games Played - 出赛场次
GIDP - Ground into Double Plays - 滾地双杀
GO - Ground Outs - 滾地出局
GO/AO - Ground Outs/Fly Outs - 滾地/高飞接杀比
GSH - Grand Slam Home Runs - 满贯全垒打
H - Hits - 安打
HBP - Hit by Pitch - 触身球次数
HR - Home Runs - 全垒打
IBB - Intentional Walks - 遠敬 (故意四坏保送)
LIPS - Late Inning Pressure Situations - 後段臨壓打击率
LOB - Left On Base - 殘垒数
OBP - On-base Percentage - 上垒率 = (安打 + 四死球) ÷ (打数 + 四死球 + 高飞牺牲打)
OPS - On-base Plus Slugging Percentage - 攻击指数(OPS) = OBP + SLG
PA/SO - Plate Appearances per Strikeout
R - Runs Scored - 得分
RBI - Runs Batted In - 打點
SAC - Sacrifice Bunts - 牺牲打
SB% - Stolen Base Percentage - 盜垒率
SB - Stolen Bases - 盜垒
SF - Sacrifice Flies - 高飞牺牲打
SLG - Slugging Percentage - 長打率 = 垒打数 ÷ 打数
SO - Strikeouts - 三振
TB = Total Bases = 垒打数 = 一垒安打 × 1 + 二垒安打 × 2 + 三垒安打 × 3 + 全垒打 × 4
TP - Triple Play - 被三杀
TPA - Total Plate Appearances -
XBH - Extra Base Hits - 長打数 = 二垒安打 + 三垒安打 + 全垒打
 

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2008-07-01 16:16 -
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